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21st February, The International Mother Language Day

21st February, The International Mother Language Day

21th February is an excellent historic day of Bangladesh. This day is widely known as ‘International Mother Language Day’ on the earth large. This day was celebrated as a “National Mourning Day (Shaheed Day)” in Bangladesh Up to 1999.



UNESCO took choice in 17 November 1999 to rejoice this present day as International Mother Language Day from 21th February 2000. United Nation UN took choice in 21 October 2010 in to rejoice this present day as “International Mother Language Day”.

Saheed Minar

21th February is a historic day. Many folks had been sacrificed their life in 21 February 1952 to make sure the fitting of mom language. 21th February is authorities vacation in Bangladesh and will cultural occasions has been organized all around the nation. President, Prime Minister and all lessons of individuals of Bangladesh come to the Shaheed Minar with flower at 12:00am to respect the Shaheed who had been sacrificed their lives for his or her mom language.

In 1947, when Pakistan was created, it had two parts- East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan. But they’d completely different in sense tradition and language and even two components are separated by India in between.

In 1948, Prime Minister of Pakistan was declared in a public assembly that “Urdu and solely Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan” then East Pakistan protested it. Basically, most of west Pakistani folks use Urdu as their mom language. In the opposite facet about all of East Pakistani (Bangladeshi) folks use Bengali and Bengali is the seventh largest language on the earth. So East Pakistan demanded that the Bengali even be a state language beside Urdu.


From that point East and West Pakistan battle had been began for the query of the fitting of language. And lastly, in 21 February 1952 it reached uncontrolled. To cease this motion, Pakistan authorities outlawed public assembly and rallies. But the scholars of the Dhaka University and basic public organized an enormous rallies and assembly. In that day police opened hearth on public. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar, Shafiqur and extra folks died and several other hundred folks injured. It is without doubt one of the uncommon incidents on the earth historical past the place folks sacrifice their lives for mom language.

In 22 February, the motion had been spared in every single place and other people organized a Namaj-e-Janaza. In 23 February at evening, the scholars positioned a Monument in entrance of Dhaka Medical College hostel and later 26 February, Pakistan military and police broke it.
From the following yr of this incident all Bengali peoples had been celebrated 21th February as a “National Mourning Day” or “Language Shaheed Day”

In 1956, Pakistan authorities consists of Bengali as state language once they put together 1st structure of Pakistan.

In 1954, New authorities established by basic election below main a Bengali chief A.Ok. Fazlul Haque and the anniversary of 21 February declared a vacation. In 1957, the federal government began to established a Shaheed Minar (Martyr Monument) beside the Dhaka Medical College, which place was the central level of language motion. Sculptor Hamidur Rahman created the design of Shaheed Minar below which building was began in 1957. Later the design was re-formed.
Construction work was accomplished in 1963 and It was inaugurated on 21 February 1963, by the mom of Abul Barkat, Hasina Begum.


The Minar was severely broken by the Pakistan Army in the course of the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The columns had been destroyed on the evening of the graduation of the genocide, 25 March 1971. After the independence conflict broken half had been reformed in 1972.

In yearly Bangla Academy organize a e-book truthful “Ekushey Boi Mela” across the the month of February respecting the shaeed.

School, school, college, market, shoping mall, roads and in every single place in Bangladesh is sing a tragic tune which is given beneath on this day. “This is known as “Ekhushey (twenty first’s) tune”


“My Brothers Blood Spattered 21 February
Can I neglect the twenty-first of February
incarnadined by the love of my brother?
The twenty-first of February, constructed by the tears of 100 moms robbed of their sons,
Can I ever neglect it?”



“Amar Vaiyer Rokete Ranganu Ekhshey February

Ami Ki Vulite pari

Chele Hara Shoto Mayer Oshru Jhora E February

Ami Ki Vulite Pari?

Amar Sunar Desher Rokte Ranganu Ekushe February

Ami Ki Vulite Pari?”

ekhushey song

Artist: Altaf Mahmud
Featuring artist: Abdul Gaffar Choudhury
Also carried out by: Abdul Latif

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